4 Different Types of Building Projects

expertise and building skills. They also differ in their scope and magnitude. Architects and construction firms are usually responsible for the different kinds of building projects. There are specific builders for different building projects.

As different building projects include different aspects and elements, it is important to have adequate knowledge about each one of them before you specialize in any one of them. The four main and different types of building projects are:

1.     Residential Housing Projects

Residential housing projects are first level building projects. This scaling is according to the level of complexity of every building project.

Residential housing projects are for living purposes. It includes construction of flats, apartments and small and big luxury houses. Residential projects also include renovation of all kinds to already built living spaces.

These are the easiest and least complex building projects. They are usually very affordable. However, they require skills in the specific field. Without a professional and experienced team, these projects cannot be completed.

Residential projects have their specific tools and equipment. Furthermore, they require residential architects and designers to design a proper plan and layout. Once architect has done his job, the building is the responsibility of the constructor you have hired.

2. Institutional Projects

Institutional projects are the second level building projects. They are comparatively more complex than residential housing projects. These involve building up of various commercial and public buildings such as schools, hospitals, restaurants, malls, libraries etc. As these places are for some specific purpose, proper plan has to be followed and executed. Public needs and facilities also have to be kept in mind. The architect and constructor for institutional projects must have expertise and years of experience. These projects require higher costs, Also, the equipment and machinery is heavier. There has to be a proper team with specialists in respective areas to execute the plan properly. Most institutional projects involve stakeholders. Therefore, there has to be a proper and effective communication between constructors, stakeholders and major party.

3. Industrial Projects

Industrial projects are the third level building projects. They are way more complex than institutional projects. Industrial architects and builders need to have relative knowledge of technical and civil engineering. The principles of engineering are the major tools that are needed in industrial projects.

The projects include building oil refineries, factories, power plants, skyscrapers, warehouses, steel mills and various other industries.

These projects have a wide scope and magnitude. As these projects also come with high costs and longer building durations, there are various stakeholders involved.

It is important to have an effective communication channel between the client, stakeholders and constructors. In this way, the interests of each party are fulfilled.

Furthermore, these projects require heavy machinery and professional equipment. Having a trained and experienced team plays a major role in the efficient completion of these projects.

4.Infrastructure and heavy construction Projects

Infrastructure and heavy construction project are the fourth level and most complex projects. These projects include building of bridges, roads, highways, pipelines, mass transit systems and drainage systems. Most of these projects are regulated by the government and owned by the state.

These projects involve high degree of mechanization and also includes the principles of engineering. As these projects need heavy financing, foreign investors are involved most of the times. It is important to keep up with the interests of the investors. Therefore, it needs big and experienced construction firms to do the job.


So, these are the 4 different types of building projects. Each of these projects come with different requirements. As every project has its own characteristics, scope and magnitude, it needs special level of expertise and relative team.

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